Universe of Platonic Thought 2022
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МОО «Платоновское философское общество»
The Universe of Platonic Thought
Универсум платоновской мысли

30th International Conference  ·  XXX Международная конференция
23–24 June 2022   St Petersburg, Russia  ·  23–24 июня 2022   Санкт-Петербург, Россия

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About Conference Conference Program Proceedings
23 June 2022
Plenary Session
23 June 2022
Moderator: Roman Svetlov

1. Emiliano Mettini, CSc in Pedagogy; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (Moscow, Russia), Head of Department

Plato's epistemic approach to truth: doctrine of knowledge in "Menon", "Phaedrus", "Phaedo" and "Theaetetus".  

2. Irina Aleksandrovna Protopopova, CSc in Culturology, Associate Professor; Platonic Research Center (Moscow, Russia), Head; Russian State University for Humanities (Moscow, Russia), Major Research Fellow

Plato’s Parmenides: riddles and interpretations

3. Marina Volf, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; Institute of Philosophy and Law of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk, Russia), Director

Platonism in Friedrich Dessauer's philosophy of technology

4. Irina Mochalova, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

Institutional approach in Platonic Studies: the history of formation and conceptual apparatus

5. Daniil Dorofeev, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg Mining University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of the Department of Philosophy, Professor

The image of the philosopher in Diogenes Laertes and the visualization of philosophy in Christianity.

Workshop 1: Plato in the context of modern historical and philosophical methodology (Part 1)
23 June 2022
Moderators: Irina Mochalova, Rustam Galanin

1. Ivan Protopopov, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

On the question of the Identity of Thinking and Being in the Doctrine of Plato's Ideas

2. Olga V. Alieva, CSc in Philology; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Associate Professor

False Pleasures in the Philebus: Standard Interpretation and Its Critics

3. Roman Svetlov, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Director of the Higher School of Philosophy, History, and Social science

The Idea of the Good in the dialogue Philebus 

4. Konstantin Shevtsov, DSc in Philosophy; St Petersburg State University of Civil Aviation (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Three speeches of "Phaedrus" and the problem of the genre of philosophical research

5. Alexei Garadja; Russian State University for Humanities (Moscow, Russia), Major Research Fellow

On the authorship of the “Chrestomathy” of Proclus

6. Anna Afonasina, CSc in Philosophy; Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, Russia), Senior Lecturer

How Dionysos got into Plato's dialogues and occupied such an important place in them? 

7. Rustam Galanin, CSc in Philosophy; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Independent scholar, Research Fellow

The conception of Eros in the philosophy of Socrates

8. Maxim Ovsyannikov; Russian State University for Humanities (Moscow, Russia), Postgraduate

The Atlantis Myth in Plato's dialogues "Timeus" and "Critius"as a source of a data on Sicilian Expedition

9. Elena Sobolnikova, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Mechnikov North-West State Medical University (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

The ideas of Platonic philosophy in English Mysticism of the XIV century

Workshop 2: New approaches in the study of Plato
23 June 2022
Moderators: Vyacheslav Minak, Valeria Udalova

1. Gleb Kupriyanov; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Student

Measure and eidos in “Statesman” Plato: V. V. Bibikhin's Interpretation

2. Vyacheslav Minak; Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Saint Petersburg, Russia), student

Plato's dialectic as the τέχνη of speculative thinking

3. Fedor Borisovitch Shcherbakov, CSc in Philosophy; St Petersburg Mining University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), assistent

SECOND TURN OF LYNCEUS' EYE: Prolegomena to Transcendental-Phenomenological Study of Ancient Philosophical Allegoresis

4. Artem Olegovich Dudin; Khlopin Radium Institute (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of the Scientific and Technical Library

A theoretical seminar on natural science in Khlopin Radium Institute and Plato

5. Natalia Danilkina, CSc in Philosophy; Pskov State University (Pskov, Russia), Postgraduate

"Integrated dualism" in Plato's cosmology and Earth sciences

6. Valeria Udalova ; Pushkin Leningrad State University (Vyborg Institute) (Vyborg, Russia), Lecturer

Astrological Geometry of the Soul in Plato's Dialogues 

7. Alina Dmitrievna Sevastianova; St. Petersburg State University of Veterinary Medicine (Санкт-Петербург, Russia), Lecturer

The Moral Status of Animals in the Сontext of Ancient Philosophical and Ethical Thought

8. Gianluigi Segalerba, PhD, Independent scholar

Being, knowledge, soul

9. Marina Sorokina; Herzen University (St. Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate; Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University (Veliky Novgorod, Russia), Teacher

Paideia as an educational counter-strategy of the elites.

10. Oleg Grebenkin; Voronezh Theological Seminary (Voronezh, Russia), Senior Lecturer

Platonism and Christianity about love in the context of personal relationships.

Workshop 3: Plato and Russian philosophy
23 June 2022
Moderators: Rostislav Dyomin, Artyom Gravin

1. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

“Unhandmade Temple” in Mk. 14:58 and Pushkin’s “Non-handmade monument” in the Context of the Ideology of Russian Freemasonry

2. Artyom Andreevich Gravin, CSc in Technics; Sociological institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia), Researcher; A.M.Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia), Senior Researcher

Сommunion with God and communicative symbolism in L. A. Gogotishvili's linguo-philosophy

3. Anna Viktorovna Tonkovidova; Kuban State University of Physical Education, Sports and Tourism (Krasnodar, Russia), Senior Lecturer

The concept of personality in the philosophy of P. Florensky: the reception of Plato's philosophy

4. Timofei Anufriev; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Plato’s Interpretation of the Early K.I. Sotonin

5. Arsenij Makhnov, Independent scholar

About Socrate's daimon.

6. Varvara Popova, DSc in Philosophy; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Professor

The image of Plato's philosophy in a course on Ancient philosophy by A.I. Vvedensky

7. Vyacheslav Igorevich Savintsev, CSc in Philosophy; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Associate Professor

Platonic receptions of space and time in B. Chicherin's Metaphysics

8. Dmitry Biriukov, DSc in Philosophy; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Research Fellow

Structure and features of the "formulas of Onomatodoxy" by Pavel Florensky and Alexei Losev

9. Alexander Valerievich Poliakov; Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov (Saratov, Russia), Lecturer

The Place of the Idea of ​​the Good in Merab Mamardashvili's Philosophy of Consciousness

10. Yulia Evgenevna Taldykina, Student

Plato and Russian Modern Thought

Workshop 4: Platonism in Byzantine logic and rhetoric
23 June 2022
Moderators: Larisa Tonoyan, Svetlana Karavaeva

1. Svetlana Karavaeva , CSc in Philosophy; North-Western State Medical University named after I. I. Mechnikov (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Assistant Professor

The Way of Logical Reasoning in Aristotle's Ethical Writings

2. Dmitri Chernoglazov, DSc in Philology; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

“Are two Gregories homonyms or synonyms?” The concepts of “homonymy”, “synonymy”, and “paronymy” in Byzantine logical tradition

3. Lydia Spyridonova, CSc in History; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Research Assistant

Andrey Kurbanov, CSc in History; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Research Assistant

Plato in the Сommentary on the poems of Gregory of Nazianzus by Cosmas of Maiuma

4. Timur Shchukin; Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate; Sociological institute of the Russian Academy of Science (Moscow, Russia), Associate Research Fellow

The System of Sciences according to Ammonius of Alexandria and its Transformation in Byzantine Theological Discourse (Maximus the Confessor, John of Damascus, Anastasius of Sinai)

5. Maxim Prikhodko, CSc in Philosophy; The Parish of St. Nicolas Russian Orthodox Church (Seville, Spain), priest; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Research Fellow

The philosophy of history in "Life of Constantine" by Eusebius of Caesarea and its Early-Christian background.

6. Larisa Tonoyan, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Researcher

Definition and division as a method of Platonic philosophy

7. Andrey Kurbanov, CSc in History; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Research Assistant

Lydia Spyridonova, CSc in History; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Research Assistant

An unpublished manual of Greek Poetics by the Leichoudes brothers

8. Vladimir Nikolaevich Shishkalov, нет

Language as an information resource

9. Oleg Nikolaevich Nogovitsin, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Sociological institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia), Senior Researcher

The argument of Severus of Antioch on the absurdity of confessing two common natures in Christ and the concept of “particular nature” in the “Arbiter” by John Philoponus

Round table “Judean Theology and the culture of Antiquity”
23 June 2022
Moderator: Igor Tantlevskij

1. Alexander Pogoniailo, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Theological discourse in the early Middle Ages. Visigoth Kingdom

2. Eugene Afonasin, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; SB RAS Institute of philosophy and law (Novosibirsk, Russia), Head of Department; Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, Russia), Professor

Philosophy and Religious Politics in Damascius’ “Philosophical History”

4. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

On the Meaning of the Tetragrammaton

24 June 2022
Workshop 5: Plato in the context of modern historical and philosophical methodology (Part 2)
24 June 2022
Moderators: Maksim Nikulin, Elena Alymova

1. Galina Karimovna Safiullina; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Delphic maxim "know thyself" in the interpretation of Heraclitus and Plato

2. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

Antique Parallels from the 5th Century B.C.E. to Qoh. 12:7

3. Sergey Valentinovich Rassadin, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; RAS Institute of Philosophy (Moscow, Russia), Postgraduate, Associate Professor

Plato's Social Orthodoxy: Rational Elimination of Differences

4. Valeriia Nikolaevna Trofimova; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

The ontogenetic status of the animal in the concept of "reverse evolution" of Plato

6. Igor Igorevich Dmitrov; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Plato's dialogues as an introduction to the problem of the relationship between the subject and the method of philosophical knowledge

7. Vera Serkova, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Plato's practical philosophy

8. Elena Alymova, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

"The True Representation", or Plato and Aristotle on Mimesis

9. Maksim Sergeevich Nikulin; Institute of the philosophy of a human, Herzen University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate; Saint Petersburg Theological Academy (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Senior Lecturer; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Senior Lecturer

Understanding Plato's concept of mathematics

10. Gleb Sergeevich Zemlyakov; The State budgetary professional educational institution of the Samara region «St. Alexius College of humanitarian and socio-pedagogical disciplines» (Tolyatti, Russia), The teacher

Elements of logical argumentation and its boundary in Parmenides' philosophy

11. Georgii Nikolaevich Botka; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Two wise men: Plato's Socrates and Philostratus' Apollonius

Workshop 6: Plato in the philosophy of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages English
24 June 2022
Moderators: Igor Khmara, Dmitry Kurdybaylo

1. Aleksey D. Panteleev, CSc in History, Associate Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

Plato and his heirs on wealth, poverty and virtue

2. Maxim Prikhodko, CSc in Philosophy; The Parish of St. Nicolas Russian Orthodox Church (Seville, Spain), priest; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Research Fellow

Four ways of the “flight from the world,” according to Philo of Alexandria’s treatise De fuga et inventione

3. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

The Designations of the Jewish Legal Scholars as a Formal Reflection of the Worldview Debates in Jewish Society During the Hellenistic and Early Roman Periods

6. Alexey Vladimirovich Bogomolov, CSc in Philosophy; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Associate Professor

Parmenides and "Parmenides": non-being vs the one

7. Aleksandr Begichev; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate

The Place of Mythology in Platonic Discourse

8. Igor Khmara; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Assistant Professor

The human body: philosophical and liturgical context of the late antiquity Alexandria

9. Rodion Savinov, CSc in Philosophy; St Petersburg State Academy of Veterinary Medicine (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

Was Plotinus an Apologist of Paganism (Enn. IV.4.30-45)?

10. Dmitry Biriukov, DSc in Philosophy; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Research Fellow

The simile of mirror in the context of the topic of passivity of human cognitive abilities in Clement of Alexandria and Gregory of Nyssa

11. Eugene Afonasin, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; SB RAS Institute of philosophy and law (Novosibirsk, Russia), Head of Department; Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, Russia), Professor

Damascius on Platonic Mysticism

12. Dmitry Kurdybaylo, CSc in Philosophy; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Researcher; Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Major Research Fellow

History vs symbol in the writings of Maximus the Confessor

Workshop 7: Plato and the philosophy of the Renaissance and Modernity
24 June 2022
Moderators: Ilya Guryanov, Svetlana Martynova

1. Anna Stepanova, DSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Plato in the rationalism of the XVII century (designed by W. Dilthey)

2. Sergey Leonidovich Katrechko, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; State Academic University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia), Associate Professor; Foundation for Humanities (Moscow, Russia), Head of Chair "Studies in Transcendental Philosophy"

Plato's transcendental metaphysics (Plato and Kant)

3. Ilya Guryanov, CSc in Philosophy; Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow, Russia), Associate Professor

Medicine, Natural Philosophy, and Theology in Gregoras’ Roman History (IX.14)

4. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

The Biblical Prophets-“Statesmen”, the Bible of Lemetre de Sassi and Pushkin’s “Prophet”

5. Sergey V. Lugovoy, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Associate Professor

The image of Plato in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

6. Fedor Igorevich Evlampiev; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Two models of corrrelation between singularity and multitude: Plato and Leibniz

7. Anastasia Igorevna Zolotukhina, CSc in Philology; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Research Fellow

"The doctrine of a new Plato": an unexpected image of Plato in early humanistic disputes

8. Olga Stavtseva, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Leningrad State University named after A.S. Pushkin (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

Plato and the formation of non-classical thinking by S. Kierkegaard

9. Eugene Malyshkin, DSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

On the noteworthy omission in the speech of Aristophanes, interlocutor of Socrates

10. Svetlana Martynova, CSc in Philosophy; Institute of the philosophy of a human, Herzen University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Associate Professor

Discussion of the Issues of Life's Prolongation in Antiquity (Plato, Aristotle) and Modern Age (I. Kant, C.W. Hufeland) 

11. Alexandra Ekrogulskaya; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate

Repetition of Søren Kierkegaard as a Reference to Plato's Anamnesis

12. Ilya Vadimovich Kursenko; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), MA or MSc

Plato's Socrates in XVIII century France

13. Alexey Alexseevich Golovin; Institute of the philosophy of a human, Herzen University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Postgraduate

The influence of 'Plato der göttliche' on A. Schopenhauers philosophy. Following the footsteps of manuscript heritage. 

Workshop 8: Plato and contemporary philosophy
24 June 2022
Moderators: Sergey Nikonenko, Pavel Likhter

1. Sergey Nikonenko, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Why We Cannot Think That Cratilus Is the Origin of the Ideal Language Theory?

2. Daniil Khmelevskoi; Southern Federal University (Rostov-on-Don, Russia), Research Assistant

Plato's one-world idealism as interpreted by I. H. Grant

3. Aleksandr Boitsov, CSc in Biology, Independent scholar

Igor Djadan, Postgraduate

Modern interpretation of Plato's theory of participation

4. Maximilian Neapolitanskiy; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Philosophy of Plato in the context of the Deleuzian and post-Deleuzian tradition: from simulation to virtual

5. Anton Didikin, DSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Professor

Platonism in Historical and Philosophical Interpretation of Normativism

6. Pavel Likhter, CSc in Law; Penza State University (Penza, Russia), Associate Professor

Popper anti-Platonian riticism: irrationalism, holism, essentialism in the focus of the theory of constitutional law

7. Irina Petrovna Berezovskaya, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Assistant Professor; Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg state transport university (Санкт-Петербург, Russia), Assistant Professor

Ancient origins of critical thinking

8. Anna Andreevna Volkova; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Student

[User not registered], independent scholar

Plato’s Anthropological truth in Eric Voegelin’s interpretation 

Workshop 9: Plato in the History of Culture
24 June 2022
Moderators: Alexander Sinitsyn, Maksim Narovetskii

1. Alexander Sinitsyn, CSc in History, Associate Professor; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Researcher

Image of the Ancient Greek philosopher in the world film art of the 20th century

2. Rostislav Dyomin; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Lecturer

Lycanthropy and Plato. Based on the pages of Olga Tokarczuk’s novel "House of Day, House of night"

3. Maksim Narovetskii; Department of Philosophy, FEB RAS (Vladivostok, Russia), Researcher

The Moral Realism of Plato and C.S. Lewis

4. Eugene Anatolievich Makovetsky, DSc in Philosophy; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor; Sociological institute of the Russian Academy of Science (Moscow, Russia), Associate Research Fellow

Portraits for identification and portraits for unification: how to depict a person correctly? (Based on Greek and Russian ekphrasis).

5. Valeriya Ismiyeva, CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor; Institute of World Civilizations (Moscow, Russia), Associate Professor

Dialectics of the ascent from the sensuous to the timeless: Platonic motifs in the cycle "Six-Line poems" by Andrey Tavrov

6. Nina Sergeevna Ishchenko, CSc in Philosophy; Lugansk State Pedagogical University (Lugansk, LPR, Russia), Assistant Professor

Literature as an Erotic Space of Spiritual Exchange

7. Ruslan Ilgarovich Dzhabrailov; National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Postgraduate

Plato as an interlocutor of Leo Tolstoy and N.N. Strakhov: an ancient trace in Russian correspondence

Round table “The concepts of prophetism, messianism and eschatology in religious and philosophical texts”
24 June 2022
Moderator: Igor Tantlevskij

1. Igor Evlampiev, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

The Idea of Absolute Religion in Russian Philosophy: from Chaadaev to Karsavin

2. Igor Tantlevskij, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Head of Department

Elements Correlating with Syncrisis, Soliloquy, Diatribe and Symposium in the Book of Qoheleth

3. Igor Evlampiev, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; St Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Professor

Plato and Neoplatonism in Russian religious philosophy

4. Roman Svetlov, DSc in Philosophy, Professor; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad , Russia), Director of the Higher School of Philosophy, History, and Social science

‘Iamblicus’ in Dmitry Merezhkovsky’s novel The Death of the Gods. Julian the Apostate

30th International Conference “The Universe of Platonic Thought: Plato and European Philosophy”

Galina Karimovna Safiullina; Russian Christian Academy for the Humanities (Saint Petersburg, Russia), Student

Delphic maxim "know thyself" in the interpretation of Heraclitus and Plato

“Know thyself” is one of the most famous inscriptions of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, which is mentioned by Heraclitus and Plato. In addition to the dialogue "Alcibiades", where Delphic wisdom is one of the central themes, the inscription is found in dialogues "Protagoras", "Phaedrus", "Philebus". The purpose of the report is to show the difference in the interpretations of the maxim by philosophers. For Heraclitus, self-knowledge is an opportunity to understand the All, while the path to the divine voice is open to every person. The essence of Plato's maxim is taking care of your soul.

Keywords: Delphic maxim, Heraclitus, Plato, soul

It is impossible to establish the exact time of the appearance of the inscriptions on the columns in the vestibule of the temple of Apollo’s at Delphi, as well as their authorship due to the numerous reconstructions of the building. One of the most common stories about these heroes is a competition in wisdom. Plato, in the "Protagoras", is the first to tell this story, probably claiming to be canonical.

The fragment of Heraclitus with a direct quotation of the wisdom has not been preserved; we rely on the evidence of Plutarch that the thinker not only used it in his writing, but considered it divine. With the same inscription, Plutarch connects the words of Heraclitus:“I have sought for myself” (101 DK, translated by J. Burnet), since he considers them Heraclitus’s answer to the call of Apollo. William Guthrie notes that Heraclitus, when trying to find himself, seeks to comprehend the logos, since everything that exists is one, and man is one of its parts. Heraclitus' confidence that "It pertains to all men to know themselves and to learn self-control" (116 DK, translated by P. White) opens the way to the divine logos for every person. At the same time, the process of cognition is directly related to self-restraint - Eliza Wilkins offers such an interpretation in particular.

Plato in "Philebus" (48с-d) considers the Delphic statement through the concept of measure: interlocutors come to him from the definition of a person who does not know himself, i.e. gives an incorrect assessment of his wealth, appearance, character. Socrates also discusses these three characteristics with Alcibiades when comparing the merits of the young man with the kings of the Lacedaemonians and Persians (121a – 124a). The maxim is also the starting point for considering the "self" itself (129b). The philosopher proves that in a person there is nothing more important than the soul - and it is about it that you need to take care of in order to become more perfect.

In the"Phaedrus(230а), Socrates mentions an inscription on the way to the place of conversation when he explains that he devotes all his time to the study of himself: is he a monster like Typhon  or a being involved in the divine? This couple at the beginning of the conversation anticipates the image of the soul that awaits the reader at the core of the dialogue. The author points out that self-knowledge can lead a person both to an underground dungeon and to a higher, divine mind - the result depends on the skill of the charioteer.

Thus, Heraclitus and Plato single out the maxim from other Delphic inscriptions and interpret it in a similar way: firstly, traditionally as a need for knowledge of one’s own limitations and real ideas about oneself, and secondly, as an accessible way to the one divine through the knowledge of the soul. Heraclitus is silent about the results of his search, and for Plato, two opposite options are possible.

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